Work Permits in Turkey

Turkey is a place where the sun smiles differently in each geography as well as it’s found at the intersection of three major cultures surrounded by Europe, Asia and the Middle East so that its population belongs to the combined culture and, as a result of this blended structure, Turkey is an open-minded country no matter what is your nationality, race, religion, language, appearance and so on. Therefore, you can easily find a suitable place related to your ideal living style, climate, nature, common personality type, and more. In parallel with it, plenty of people have begun living in the country that consists of approximately 1.000.000 foreign nationals according to the official record of the Turkish Statistical Institute (TUIK) and this number keeps increasing day by day. Referring to the official statistics, the most developed cities such as Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Antalya and Bursa are featured thanks to their industrial, touristic, political, strategic and various business advantages.


Istanbul – 327.871

Ankara – 84.472

Antalya – 57.423

Bursa – 26.198

Izmir – 26.075


Istanbul outscores the rest of the cities with its crowded population reaching up to nearly 20 million people and internationally important statues including historical, economical, strategical, and touristic values. From this point of view, Istanbul is 8th the most visited city worldwide in addition to the 10th of Antalya.

Work Permits in Turkey


How Can I Get Turkish Work Permit?


Applying for a work permit is divided into two types depending on where you reside during the application phase. There is one certain rule that foreigners can not get a work permit on behalf of their names. If a foreign national is willing to work in Turkey, either a local company or a consultancy firm authorized by the related company from Turkey must be a sponsor and handle paperwork a lot to assure your arrival. Before the applications of both sides, these should not be ignored that;


● To obtain a work permit, you need to get a residency permit at first

● The duration of your residency permit is considerably important. The Turkish Republic doesn’t allow foreign nationals who have less than a 6-month residency permit to apply for a work permit program.

● Applications can be rejected due to any subjective reasons


When you achieve all these steps, the easiest stage including only paperwork and applying workload begins. According to where you are located, application types are split up into two categories named as ‘’Domestic Applications’’ and ‘’Overseas Applications’’.


Domestic Applications (Also Employer Guide)


This applying type consists of interior applications of Turkey. If you apply for a work permit from Turkey, you fall into this category. Step by step;


● Both employer and foreign employee candidates apply to the Ministry of Labour and Social Security website as online. However, the required documents are totally different for both sides in the online applying phase.

●Employer signs up a username and inputs all information about the employee from


Caution:Employees should verify all this info. Wrong and missing info undermines the process and extends the duration.


● The documents printed out after the online application are signed up by both sides

● All documents and necessity papers need to be transmitted to the Ministry of Labour and Social Security in 6 days after the online applications.

●If not delivered on time, the whole process is obliged to start from the beginning

● The ministry investigates the application and notifies the result by e-mail and written way.

● When approved of a work permit by the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, residency and work permit fees are requested from the employer. The employee can begin his/her business life in Turkey after the payment to related bank accounts. 

● Employer reports the insurance input to the Social Security Institution (SGK). Insurance payments are determined according to the fee declared to the Ministry of Labour and Social Security. 

● Salary of foreign nationals can not be lower than minimum wage (2324 TRY) in Turkey.


Necessary Documents for the Employee


✔ Passport

✔ Four passport-sized photos 

✔ Photocopies of the pages in your passport including the photo 

✔ Photocopies of the passport expiration date 

✔ Photocopies of the last stamped entry on the passport 


Overseas Applications (Also Employer Guide)


Unlike domestic applications, a different procedure is implemented for both sides such as;


● People who don’t have a residency permit yet can apply from either their hometown or hosted country they live in. 

● Application is acquired from the closest Turkish Consulate/ Turkish Embassy

● The following step is to get an application reference number (consisting of 10 numbers) and conduct it to the employer. 


● Employers should apply to the Ministry of Labour and Social Security website as online with this reference number in 6 days after the application of the employee.

● Gathered documents need to be delivered within 10 days. Otherwise previous steps are ignored and restart from the beginning 

● Feedback duration by the ministry takes 30 days if the whole information sets up accurately. 

● The result is notified by call or email after the application is approved of

● When work permit and visa are confirmed by the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, residency & work permits and consular visa fees are paid to the Turkish Consulate. The number of fees shows variances from country to country. 

● The input of the Social Security Institution needs to be handled within 30 days starting with your entry to Turkey. Insurance payments are determined according to the fee declared to the Ministry of Labour and Social Security. 


Necessary Documents for the Employee


✔ Passport

✔ Photocopy of the work permit application

✔ A copy of work agreement 

✔ One passport-size photo  


Wages for Foreign Nationals?


Wage declared by the employer must be suitable for the statue and upkeep of the foreigner. By concerning the currency and sufficiency of payments, the amounts written below are seen comfortably fit for a foreigner sustaining its presence in Turkey.


● 6.5 times more salary than minimum wage (2324 TRY) for high-end managers, pilots, prior-authorization architects and engineers, etc. 

● 4 times more salary than minimum wage (2324 TRY) for unit and branch managers, engineers and architects, etc. 

● 3 times more salary than minimum wage (2324 TRY) for professions requiring expertness, teachers, and so on. 

● 1.5 times more salary than minimum wage (2324 TRY) for the other jobs

● The same amount of salary with the minimum wage for a household employee 

● Average duration of the work permit changes between 6 months and a year related to the profession. 


Tax Rates?


It depends on the duration of your residency permit and what profession you’re participating in. 


What About Property Owners? 


Even though the government made an announcement about the regulation leading up to work permits for foreign property holders in May 2016, any certain path hasn't been drawn yet. Any further development of the subject is going to be shared with you.


Work Permit as an Employer


The reason why we define each step of getting a work permit for an employee and employer together is because you are independently free to set up your own company in every sense. As in many aspects, Turkey embraces investors from all over the world with supportive opportunities. Besides great loans are provided by a lot of Turkish banks, many business grants are reserved for foreign investors, who wish for setting up their companies in Turkey, at will. To benefit from economic amenities offered by the Turkish Government, some forms are liable to be prepared and get contact with related departments in Turkey. In short, If you are interested in setting up your own business in Turkey, the following titles make it simple for you at all. If you prefer virtual information more than paragraphs, you can visit SeriftheBroker YouTube Channel and titled down as ‘’How to Set up a Company in Turkey’’

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