Mehmed The Conqueror (Fatih Sultan Mehmet)

II. Mehmed, known as Fatih Sultan Mehmed; In short, Fatih, as it is known in Europe: Grand Turco (Great Turkish) or Turcarum Imperator (Turkish Emperor); March 30, 1432 - May 3, 1481, the seventh sultan of the Ottoman Empire. In historical sources, the name is mentioned in the form of Mohammed like that of other sultans named Mehmed. It first ruled for a short period between 1444 and 46, then for 30 years from 1451 to 1481 till his death.

II. Mehmed conquered Istanbul at the age of 21 and ended the 1000-year-old Byzantine Empire, and this event was accepted by many historians as the beginning of the New Age. Islamic prophet Muhammad said, "Constantine will be conquered. Lucky the commander who will conquer it, lucky the army who will conquer it’ because of this Fatih Sultan Mehmed be accepted as a ‘hero’ by the large part of Turkey and the Islamic world.

Fatih Sultan Mehmet is one of the most important sultans in terms of the actions and military genius of the Ottoman Empire. As the son of Murad and Huma Hatun, he was born in Edirne in 1432. Since childhood, he has been studying both Western and Eastern culture, working with important scholars of the period and developing himself in this regard. After his childhood, he spent time in the palace in Edirne until he was 10 years old in Bursa. He goes to Manisa in order to empower the prince to learn the state administration as a tradition and gain experience. Molla Gurani is assigned for his training.

Prince Period (Shahzada Period)

Fatih Sultan Mehmet is one of the most important sultans in terms of the actions and military genius of the Ottoman Empire. As the son of Murad and Huma Hatun, he was born in Edirne in 1432. Since childhood, he has been studying both Western and Eastern culture, working with important scholars of the period and developing himself in this regard. After his childhood, he spent time in the palace in Edirne until he was 10 years old in Bursa. He goes to Manisa in order to learn the state administration as a tradition and gain experience. Molla Gurani is assigned for his training.

First Reign Period

Sehzade Mehmed chose the steel ball casting business as a profession because of the tradition of educating the princes in the Ottoman Empire. This election is one of the steps leading to the conquest of Istanbul and the foundations of its inventor. When he was 13 years old, his father Sultan II put him to the throne. The Crusaders Union, consisting of Hungarians who saw the opportunity to authorize an early sultan on the Ottoman reign, entered the Ottoman territory and attacked Varna. In the face of this situation, the young sultan, together with the persuasion of viziers, once again threw his father and returned to Manisa as governor. After returning to the throne, Murad won the Varna victory on 9 November 1444. Prince Mehmed, after his father Murad's death, crowned again. In the period when he was on the throne, Karamanoglu Ibrahim Bey rebelled with the Venetians in order to deal with internal affairs and aimed to establish the Karaman State. II. Mehmed enters Karaman territory and accepts forgiveness by Ibrahim Bey's wish for forgiveness.

Conquest of Istanbul/Constantinople

Islamic prophet Muhammad said, "Constantine will be conquered. Lucky the commander who will conquer it, lucky the army who will conquer it’ because of this Fatih Sultan Mehmed be accepted as a ‘hero’ by the large part of Turkey and the Islamic world. His word is one of the starting points for Sultan Mehmed II's desire to conquer Istanbul. Wanting to realize the gospel of the Prophet II. Mehmed triumphs on this path and conquers Istanbul after a difficult siege.
 
Constantinople, the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine), was conquered on 29 May 1453 by the Ottoman Sultan II. It was conquered by the Ottoman Army led by Mehmed. With this conquest, the Ottoman Empire became Empire, and the Eastern Roman Empire, one of the most important states in history, ended. The seventh Ottoman Sultan, who was 21 years old, with the Conquest of Istanbul, is also known as Fatih Sultan Mehmed by taking the title of “Fatih”.
Despite his early age Sultan II, who ruled the world with his military genius and mature enough to achieve great moves in the military and administrative fields. Mehmed begins preparations to take Istanbul. For this, it takes strategic actions by taking some measures inside and outside. After these preparations, siege is started.
 
With the siege of the Ottoman Army, huge balls designed by the Sultan began to be thrown. When the gunshots started to open holes in the walls, Byzantines were tried to repair opened holes at night. Sultan II. Mehmed ordered Chief Admiral Suleyman to take action to cut the chains covering the Golden Horn and the Genoese ships sent by Pope v. Nikola to be stopped. However, as a result of intense efforts, it was not possible to cut the chain and to cross the ships of the Genoese. Sultan Mehmed II, who predicted that Istanbul could not be taken without entering the Golden Horn. Mehmed thinks that the thrown balls should be developed and thrown to his target with curved landing by taking a slope in the air and he started to make plans and drawings accordingly. The Sultan Mehmed wanted to be dumped the planned ball immediately, fires the ball and succeeds. The gun, which was known as humbara at that time in history, has passed into the weapons of world history list as the discovery of Fatih Sultan Mehmet under the name of mortar. Nevertheless he knows that he must enter the Golden Horn, predicts that the Navy cannot be entered from the sea due to the chains, and that the navy must be landed and lowered to the Golden Horn. A wide road from Dolmabahce to Beyoglu is opened and sleds are laid secretly along the road. Ships are launched overnight and landed.
 
The siege takes longer than expected, and Ottoman soldiers are tired. In the light of these, on 29th May, Sultan Mehmed gave an order for the great offensive and strengthened the offensive as a morale for the Ottoman army by attacking the Ulubatli Hasan by rising to the Byzantine walls. Constantinepolis surrendered to Ottoman troops led by Sultan Mehmed on 29th May, 1453.

Death

In 1481, Fatih embarked on a new military expedition to Anatolia. But he fell ill at the beginning of the road and died on May 3, 1481 in his encampment in the Hunkar Meadow near Gebze. It is believed that he died from gout, but related by historians he was also poisoned. After Fatih Sultan Mehmet died, his death was hidden. The sultan's need for a bath was said to be secretly brought him to the palace. At that time a messenger was sent to Prince Bayezid and Prince Cem. When the soldiers learned that Fatih Sultan Mehmed was dead at that time, a great anarchy started in Istanbul. Karamanli Mehmed Pasha was executed because he was one of the supporters of Cem. Everywhere began to plunder. Meanwhile, Fatih's funeral was forgotten in a dark room in the palace. After his death, his son Bayezid came to the throne. He lies in his mausoleum in the Fatih Mosque now. It is not known exactly where he organized the military expedition. Because Fatih kept this information very secret for the safety of the expedition and did not tell anyone. However, historians make predictions that the expedition will be to Egypt or Rome (Papacy). But other books and historians are of the opinion that he will conquer different places.
 

Listings to be compared

    هیچ لیستی برای مقایسه وجود ندارد.
    ورود
    نام کاربری
    کلمه عبور
    رمز عبور خود را فراموش کرده اید Remind
    +90 212 803 01 05